Wiring diagrams are an integral part of electrical engineering and can be used to help troubleshoot and diagnose any wiring related issue. One of the most important aspects of these diagrams is the colour coding, which helps you to identify different wires quickly and accurately. Understanding these colours and what they mean is essential when it comes to wiring a circuit or diagnosing an issue.
The most common colour coding system you’ll find in wiring diagrams is the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard. This system uses seven basic colours for cables, which can then be combined together to create more complex colour codes. The seven core colours are black, red, blue, yellow, green, white and brown. Each of these colours has a meaning and purpose within the system, so it’s important to understand them all.
Black is the most commonly used colour in wiring diagrams and is used to denote the ground wire. This means that it carries the electrical current back to the source, usually the battery. Red is used to show the positive supply line in the circuit, usually coming from the battery. Blue is used to indicate the negative supply line, meaning it carries the current back to the source. Yellow is used to represent the signal line, which carries information or data between components. Green and white are often used together to show the neutral line, which carries no current. Finally, brown is used to show the live or hot wire, which carries power from the source to the components.
Knowing the meanings of these colours is vital for a successful wiring job. Fortunately, wiring diagrams are very easy to follow and most of the time the colour codes will be clearly marked. However, if you ever come across a diagram that does not have any colour coding, it’s important to take the time to learn and apply it correctly. Knowing the colour codes and their meanings will make any wiring job much easier and more reliable.
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